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Bio-Food Products
, erreur
20 juillet 1996

Over the years, the bio-food industry has been strongly supported and has become increasingly diversified. This sector includes all activities related to the production and processing of products derived from plant, animal and marine raw materials. As a result, a large number of jobs are generated by this sector and a significant volume of business can be attributed to resource processing as well as to product marketing.

Overview of the Bio-Food Industry in 1995 Economic Activity Indicators
Volume of Business Jobs
Agriculture 200 M$ 4,900
Maritime Fishery 9 M$ 300
Processing 314 M$ 1,000
Wholesale Trade 591 M$ 800
Retail Trade 417 M$ 2,400
Catering 143 M$ 3,200
TOTAL 1,674 M$ 12,600
Source : Gouvernement du Québec, Profil de l'industrie bioalimentaire, Québec, 1995.

Employment Distribution by Bio-Food Industry Sector

Overview of the Bio-Food Industry in 1994
In the Region In Quebec
Bio-food industry as a proportion of the economy 12.3% 9.0%
Employment in the bio-food sector as a proportion of total employment 16.1% 11.6%
Food and beverage processing as a proportion of total value-added manufacturing 10.7% 14.9%
Employment in bio-food processing as a proportion of total employment in manufacturing 12.5% 8.3%
Source : Gouvernement du Québec, Profil du bioalimentaire, Québec, 1995.
A Sector in the Process of Diversifying: Agriculture

PhotoIn 1995, 4,300 people worked in 2,444 agricultural enterprises in the Bas-Saint-Laurent region and generated over $200 million in direct revenues. Agricultural production on these 354,637 hectares of land is sometimes innovative and prosperous and at other times more modest, operating at the level of a cottage industry. In either case, it is firmly rooted in and essential to the sustainable socio-economic development of the region.

Within the agriculture sector, dairy production ranks first in importance with 1,246 enterprises generating almost 70% of total agricultural revenues. During the last ten years, other types of production have developed including beef, veal, lamb, mutton and pork. Also undergoing an increase in activity is greenhouse production, seed potato growing, maple production, bee-keeping and bird breeding.

Production Type Number of enterprises Revenues
milk 1,246 $144,839,893
cows-calves 581 $14,102,282
fed cattle 208 $8,222,579
finished cattle 95 $3,083,426
grain-fed veal 53 $821,641
sows 67 $6,646,380
pigs 59 $5,822,185
sheep 116 $5,185,392
hens 14 $1,107,405
wild boar 7 $637,420
deer 21 $884,640
bison 4 $225,960
grains 87 $2,192,500
fruit 62 $1,383, 510
potatoes 86 $4,780,357
vegetables 133 $1,946,250
hay 160 $982,890
greenhouse growing 63 $1,362,065
open field growing 28 $8,100,000
maple products 374 $13,848,672
REGIONAL TOTAL 3 464 $225,875,448
Source : MAPAQ, Direction du Bas-Saint-Laurent, Impact économique des productions agricoles dans les municipalités et les MRC du Bas-Saint-Laurent, 1996.

Regional Agriculture Production as a Proportion of
Total Provincial Production
Dairy production: 9%
Sheep production: 30%
Seed potato production: 30%
Exotic production (wild boar, stag): 20%
Maple production: 12%
Maritime Resources: The Fishery

PhotoThe Bas-Saint-Laurent fishery is based primarily on four species: shrimp, crab, Greenland halibut and eel. The fishery is mainly concentrated in the Matane RCM where shrimp is fished. In the Kamouraska RCM, eel fishing predominates while in the Rimouski-Neigette RCM snow crab is landed in large quantities.

PhotoIn 1993, the regional catch of fish, molluscs and shellfish was 4,940 tons representing a market value of more than $8 million.

The largest seafood product processing plant in the region, FRUITS DE MER DE L’EST, is located in Matane.

A Developing Industry

In the medium term, entrepreneurs in the bio-food industry are working towards diversifying, supporting and increasing the level of processing, in particular, of lamb, beef, veal and pork. Energy will also be invested in defining a promotional strategy to increase the region’s bio-food product market share.

You can learn more about the region’s bio-food industry at the following address:

Mise à jour : 2005-01-10 10:12:17

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